Diabetes management is a must know-how in every diabetic’s life to ensure the patient avoids or…
Diabetes management is not as bad as it seems. With a couple of strict rules, you can live a long and healthy life.
Diabetes mellitus is a disease with chronic evolution and increasing prevalence, characterized by disruption of carbohydrate metabolism (chronic hyperglycemia), but also of lipid and protein metabolism, due to insulin deficiency and insulin resistance.
Daily self-monitoring of blood glucose and long-term monitoring by measuring glycosylated hemoglobin prevent chronic complications: renal, cardiovascular, neurological, ophthalmic.
Diabetes management is also about lifestyle optimization, which involves: a balanced diet (reducing the intake of salt and fat, increasing the intake of vegetables, fruits, and dietary fiber, reducing the consumption of simple, refined carbohydrates, and eliminating alcohol consumption), reducing excess weight and obesity, fighting sedentary lifestyle by increasing the degree of physical activity (150 minutes/week of physical exercise of moderate intensity), quitting smoking.