LADA diabetes – latent autoimmune diabetes in adults, is a particular form of diabetes, which has also been described as type 1.5 diabetes.
This type of diabetes usually occurs, as its name suggests, in adults over the age of 35.
It is a form of type 1 diabetes but with special features. Although it has the autoimmune component that triggers type 1 diabetes, the onset of LADA diabetes is a slow and insidious one that can last for many years.
Therefore, LADA diabetes has positive antibodies just like type 1 diabetes, but the destruction of beta-pancreatic cells is much slower and so the patient still has some reserves of cells that secrete insulin.
In the case of type 1 diabetes, beta-pancreatic cells are destroyed quickly and insulin is no longer produced, at which point we must bring insulin from the outside for the patient to survive.
In the case of LADA diabetes, the destruction of beta-pancreatic cells is slower in years, so at the onset of the disease patients can be controlled only with diet and oral antidiabetics. Following that in time, after years of evolution, after all, beta-pancreatic cells have been destroyed, insulin treatment will be needed.